IThe anti-fouling property is passive; bacteria and proteins simply cannot attach to the surface. This as opposed to most anti-microbial coatings which actively kill bacteria with toxic releases.
Some coatings are prone to flaking- an undesirable effect whereby the coating detaches from the surface, a potential health threat. LipoCoat does not have this disadvantage, moreover it constitutes organic-friendly lipid molecules which can do no harm. The coating is non-covalently attached to the substrate. Although the coating does not require a curing step, it may- depending on the application, require some surface pre-treatment to provide it with a charge. This can be achieved with oxygen plasma or chemical priming. Subsequently the coating is easily applied by means of ‘dip-coating’; the self-assembly property ensures an evenly spread, 5nm thin layer.